Uses of Medication: Cholera is a bacterial infection that can cause serious diarrhea. Cholera is generally caused when a healthy person comes in contact with food or water contaminated with feces containing vibrio cholerae bacteria. The cholera vaccine is an effective vaccine used for preventing the Vibrio cholerae. After live vaccination, the patient may have 85% protection after 6 months which decreases up to 62% protection in the next 1 year and 50% in the next 2 years. The oral cholera vaccine is available in 2 forms: attenuated and inactivated.
Dosage: The single-use vial containing the active component is mixed with 100 ml of buffer component. The patient should avoid eating or drink within 60 minutes before or after vaccination. The chances of overdose are very rare as the Cholera vaccine is given once by a healthcare professional and a dosing schedule is not maintained. Missed dose is not possible as no dosing schedule is required.
Treatment Reactions: Some of the common side effects of the Cholera Vaccine include:
- Stomach pain
- Loss of appetite
Other severe side effects generally caused by allergic reactions are:
- Swelling in face
- Difficulty breathing
- Swelling in throat, lips, or tongue
Warnings and Precautions:
- After 7 days of vaccination, the live Cholera bacteria can pass through your stool so avoid direct contact with feces.
- Avoid coming in close contact with any person having weak immunity.